Sterling falls as investors fret about Brexit risks – BBC News

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Sterling has fallen against the dollar and yen on growing uncertainty over the outcome of the UK’s EU referendum.

The one month “volatility index” – a measure of investors’ uncertainty – has hit levels close to its 2008 financial crisis peak.

Investors have been spooked by latest polling and betting odds showing the chances of a Remain vote have fallen.

But the Leave campaign argues that the pound has simply just retreated to levels last seen in March.

Investors are choosing to put their money instead into the dollar – and the yen – with the pound falling to a three year low against the Japanese currency – considered a haven in times of uncertainty.

On Monday, sterling was at an eight-week low against the dollar.

Trade and economy

The debate

  • About half of UK overseas trade is conducted with the EU
  • The EU single market allows the free movement of goods, services, capital and workers
  • Trade negotiations with other parts of the world are conducted by the EU, not individual member states


  • UK companies would be freed from the burden of EU regulation
  • Trade with EU countries would continue because we import more from them than we export to them
  • Britain would be able to negotiate its own trade deals with other countries


  • Brexit would cause an economic shock and growth would be slower
  • As a share of exports Britain is more dependent on the rest of the EU than they are on us
  • The UK would still have to apply EU rules to retain access to the single market

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With 10 days to go before the referendum vote, two polls at the weekend put the Leave camp ahead, while betting firm Betfair said the implied probability of a vote to Remain has now fallen to 68.5% from almost 80% a week earlier.

“We expect incoming polls to move the pound more aggressively than before,” said Charalambos Pissouros, senior analyst at IronFX Global.

“If new polls continue to show a tight race between the two campaigns as we approach the voting day, the outcome is likely to become even more uncertain and hence, volatility in sterling is likely to heighten further.”

Analysis: Kamal Ahmed, BBC economics editor

The markets are waking up to the reality that the chances of the UK leaving the European Union on 23 June are real.

After two polls putting Leave ahead by between 1% (The Sunday Times) and 10% (The Independent), Betfair’s odds on the chances of a vote to remain have now fallen to 68.5%, down from nearly 80% last week.

Sterling has weakened this morning against the dollar and the yen.

And the one month “volatility index” – a measure of investors’ views on how much the value of the currency will change in the next four weeks – has hit levels this morning approaching those of the financial crisis.

Hedge funds have also positioned themselves “short” on sterling – predicting that the pound will fall. The bears are in town.

Nigel Farage might have responded “so what?” to the question of the pound stumbling on the markets.

Investors are somewhat less sanguine.

‘Good for exporters’

Joe Rundle, head of trading at ETX Capital, said the markets were now on full Brexit alert. “Polls show it’s now too close to call and markets are responding with some very twitchy activity. Sterling has shed more than 2% in two sessions to retrace its April lows.”

Worries about the economic impact of leaving the EU were also blamed for a big fall in Asian stock markets. Japan’s Nikkei index closed 3.5% down, while Hong Kong’s main index slid 2.5%.

However, the reaction on London’s FTSE 100 was muted, with the index down 0.3% in morning trading.

On Sunday, Leave campaigner Nigel Farage told the Andrew Marr show that sterling had recently been strengthening. “Sterling is up since March. Since Brexit became a possibility, sterling is up and FTSE is exactly the same level it was in March,” he said.

He also point out that a weaker pound was good for Britain’s exporters.

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